Level VI

31-52-249 
Shafthole axe

Level VI (circa 2400–2300 B.C.)

The numbering system used here cites the UPM inventory number followed in brackets by the original field number.

Location of PIXE Analysis

Site map for Level VI at Gawra.

32-21-369 [5701]
Pin
Terrace from VI at elevation of VIII,
square 8K
As, 0.036%; Sn, <0.015%; Ni, <0.014%

32-21-357 [5657]
Arrowhead
Terrace from VI at elevation of VIII,
square 8K
As, 0.78%; Sn, 0.86%; Ni, 0.20%

32-21-358 [5870]
Flat adze
Terrace from VI at elevation of VIII,
square 8K
As, 0.35%; Sn, <0.014%; Ni, 0.14%

32-21-368 [5633]
Boss with perforation
Terrace from VI at elevation of VIII,
square 8K
As, 0.55%; Sn, <0.012%; Ni, 0.37%
Micrograph

31-52-195 [1598b]
Needle
VI, square 9K, room 635
As, 1.18%; Sn, <0.016%; Ni, 0.16%

31-52-196 [1610a]
Needle
VI, square 7K, room 611
As, 0.57%; Sn, <0.026%; Ni, 0.24%

31-52-197 [1610b]
Needle
VI, square 7K, room 611
As, 1.10%; Sn, <0.022%; Ni, 0.16%

31-52-202 [1649b]
Needle
VI, square 10O, room 644
As, 0.59%; Sn, <0.035%; Ni, 0.24%

31-52-206 [1539]
Toggle pin
VI, square 9K, room 613
As, 0.87%; Sn, <0.043%; Ni, 0.32%

31-52-207 [1435c]
Toggle pin
VI, square 7K, room 621
As, 0.99%; Sn, <0.015%; Ni, 0.28%

31-52-208 [1640]
Pin with rolled head
VI, square 10O, room 643
As, 0.50%; Sn, <0.012%; Ni, 0.39%

31-52-214 [1435d]
Toggle pin
VI, square 7K, room 621
As, 2.22%; Sn, 0.13%; Ni, 0.46%

31-52-216 [1598d]
Toggle pin
VI, square 9K, room 635
As, 1.50%; Sn, <0.022%; Ni, 0.37%

31-52-217 [1610a]
Toggle pin
VI, square 7K, room 611
As, 0.38%; Sn, 0.61%; Ni, 0.19%

31-52-246 [1435c]
Pin
VI, square 7K, room 621
As, 0.61%; Sn, <0.013%; Ni, 0.30%

31-52-248 [1227]
Pin
VI, square 7O
As, 0.35%; Sn, <0.009%; Ni, 0.089%

32-21-106 [5147]
Needle
VI, square 6O
As, 0.42%; Sn, <0.012%; Ni, 0.33%

32-21-109 [5217]
Needle
VI, square 6K
As, 1.01%; Sn, 0.049%; Ni, 0.39%

32-21-108 [5204]
Needle
VI, square 5M
As, 0.55%; Sn, <0.020%; Ni, 0.30%

32-21-113 [5151]
Toggle pin
VI, square 6O, room 684 (original field notes)
As, 0.54%; Sn, 6.15%; Ni, 0.27%

32-21-11 [5344]
Toggle pin
VI, square 6K
As, 1.24%; Sn, <0.017%; Ni, 0.40%

31-52-182 [1374]
Toggle pin, flat
VI, square 7K
As, 0.43%; Sn, <0.011%; Ni, 0.13%

32-51-183 [1350]
Toggle pin, flat
VI, square 7K
As, 0.83%; Sn, 0.066%; Ni, 0.16%
Micrographs

31-52-184 [1350]
Toggle pin, flat
VI, square 7K
As, 1.11%; Sn, 0.046%; Ni, 0.94%
Micrographs

31-52-185 [none]
Toggle pin, flat
VI, no square number
As, 0.51%; Sn, <0.009%; Ni, 0.077%
Micrograph

32-21-124 [5211]
Ring
VI, square 6K
As, 0.79%; Sn, 0.14%; Ni, 0.13%

31-52-180 [1638]
Ring, double spiral
VI, square 10O, room 643
As, 0.74%; Sn, 0.048%; Ni, 0.14%

31-52-171 [1311]
Bracelet, two coils
VI, square 8K
As, 0.84%; Sn, <0.036%; Ni, 0.14%

31-52-172 [1347]
Bracelet
VI, square 7K
As, 0.84%; Sn, <0.036%; Ni, 0.14%

31-52-174 [1426]
Bracelet
VI, square 7K, room 620
As, 0.59%; Sn, <0.018%; Ni, 0.27%

31-52-175 [1538]
Bracelet
VI, square 7K, room 611
As, 0.47%; Sn, <0.009%; Ni, 0.34%

31-52-176 [1600]
Bracelet
VI, square 9M, room 626
As, 0.80%; Sn, 0.090%; Ni, 0.11%

31-52-177 [1637]
Bracelet
VI, square 10O, room 643
As, 0.97%; Sn, <0.034%; Ni, 0.13%

32-21-127 [5173]
Bracelet/anklet
VI, square 5O
As, 1.40%; Sn, <0.028%; Ni, 0.49%

32-21-128 [5176]
Bracelet/anklet
VI, square 5O
As, 1.11%; Sn, 0.077%; Ni, 0.86%

32-21-129 [5224]
Bracelet/anklet
VI, square 6K
As, 0.40%; Sn, <0.025%; Ni, 0.35%

32-21-130 [5754]
Bracelet
VI, dump
As, 0.54%; Sn, <0.020%; Ni, 0.44%
Micrograph

31-52-218 [1384]
Blade, curved
VI, square 10J
As, 1.02%; Sn, <0.027%; Ni, 0.24%
Micrographs

31-52-225 [1293]
Blade, fragment
VI, square 8M
As, 1.28%; Sn, 4.30%; Ni, 0.39%
Micrograph

31-52-226 [1341]
Blade, fragment
VI, square 7J
As, 1.09%; Sn, <0.032%; Ni, 0.30%
Micrographs

31-52-229 [1577]
Blade, fragment
VI, square 10M, room 640
As, 0.84%; Sn, 0.046%; Ni, 0.29%
Micrograph

31-52-231 [1079]
Blade
VI, trial trench
As, 0.41%; Sn, <0.024%; Ni, 0.90%
Micrographs

32-21-100 [5982]
Sickle, folded
Terrace VI at elevation of Level VIII, square 7K
As, 0.14%; Sn, <0.034%; Ni, 0.055%
Micrograph

32-21-101 [5985]
Sickle, fragment
VI, dump
As, 0.90%; Sn, <0.013%; Ni, 0.23%
Micrograph

32-21-102 [5295]
Sickle, fragment
VI, square 10O
As, 0.94%; Sn, <0.009%; Ni, 0.26%
Micrograph

33-3-90 [G3-192]
Sickle, fragment
Terrace VI at elevation of Level VIII, square 7K
As, 0.52%; Sn, <0.011%; Ni, 0.25%
Micrograph

31-52-230 [1301]
Chisel
VI, square 8O
As, 0.95%; Sn, 7.43%; Ni, 0.085%
Micrograph

31-52-233 [1324]
Chisel
VI, square 8K
As, 0.62%; Sn, 0.043%; Ni, 0.32%

31-52-235 [1563]
Awl
VI, square 9O, room 627
As, 0.24%; Sn, 0.31%; Ni, 0.065%

31-52-238 [none]
Chisel
VI, trial trench
As, 1.95%; Sn, 0.045%; Ni, 0.071%

31-52-239 [none]
Awl
VI, trial trench
As, 1.43%; Sn, <0.023%; Ni, 0.18%

31-52-243 [1578]
Chisel, fragment
VI, square 10M, room 640
As, 1.82%; Sn, 0.19%; Ni, 0.31%

32-21-118 [5250]
Awl
VI, square 6K
As, 1.03%; Sn, 0.088%; Ni, 0.14%

32-21-120 [5799]
Awl
VI, dump
As, 1.44%; Sn, <0.010%; Ni, 2.65%

33-3-133 [G3-273]
Awl
Terrace VI at elevation of Level IX, square 7G
As, 0.25%; Sn, <0.013%; Ni, <0.013%

31-52-249 [1098]
Axe, shafthole
VI, trial trench
As, 0.64%; Sn, 15.7%; Ni, 0.035%

31-52-266 [1371]
Balance plate, four holes
VI, square 9J
As, 0.85%; Sn, <0.034%; Ni, <0.012%

31-52-274 [1442]
Balance plate, four holes
VI, square 7K, room 612
As, 0.88%; Sn, 0.11%; Ni, 0.15%
Micrograph

31-52-269 [1382]
Boss with perforation
VI, square 8K
As, 1.39%; Sn, 0.078%; Ni, 0.066%

31-52-273A [1442]
Boss with perforation
VI, square 7K, room 612
As, 0.92%; Sn, 0.13%; Ni, 0.066%

31-52-273B [1442]
Boss with peforation
VI, square 7K, room 612
As, 1.47%; Sn, 0.075%; Ni, 0.088%

31-52-245 [1383]
Bar, fragment
VI, square 8K
As, 0.99%; Sn, <0.012%; Ni, 0.10%
Micrographs

31-52-251A [1460]
Axe handle
VI, square 8K, room 609
As, 0.36%; Sn, 17.7%; Ni, 0.13%

31-52-251B [1460]
Holder for axe
VI, square 8K, room 609
As, 1.35%; Sn, 0.074%; Ni, 1.22%

31-52-259 [1306]
Holdfast/handle
VI, trial trench
As, 0.55%; Sn, <0.020%; Ni, 0.18%
Micrograph

31-52-261 [1176]
Holdfast/handle
VI, trial trench
As, 1.17%; Sn, <0.031%; Ni, 0.051%
Micrograph

31-52-262 [1458]
Pan, long handled
VI, square 8K, room 609
As, 2.00%; Sn, 0.76%; Ni, 0.87%

31-52-263 [1349]
Snake, no head
VI, square 7K
As, 1.27%; Sn, 0.098%; Ni, 0.21%

31-52-265 [1403]
Snake
VI, square 8J, room 618
As, 1.12%; Sn, 0.23%; Ni, 0.21%

31-52-267 [1373]
Butt
VI, square 7K
As, 1.59%; Sn, 0.11%; Ni, 0.087%

31-52-272 [1476]
Irregular clump of square wire
VI, square 7M
As, 1.17%; Sn, <0.031%; Ni, 0.051%
Micrographs

32-21-121 [5146]
Cosmetic kit
VI, square 6K
As, 0.65%; Sn, 0.048%; Ni, 0.17%

32-21-122 [5313]
Tweezers
VI, square 6K
As, 0.46%; Sn, <0.016%; Ni, 0.35%

32-21-131 [5273]
Spatula, cosmetic
VI, square 6K
As, 0.61%; Sn, <0.014%; Ni, 0.32%
Micrograph

31-52-38 [1129]
Needle
VI, square 6J
As, 1.33%; Sn, 0.057%; Ni, 0.23%