Phase III

Phase III

"It is too early to correlate the subphases of Hissar II and III with definite phases of Mesopotamian history. However, once Henri Frankfort directed our attention to C.L. Woolley’s publication of the Royal Cemetery at Ur, we could not disregard the striking resemblances between certain ornaments, stone vessels, weapon shaft decorations and the shapes of some stemmed metal and pottery vessels of Early Dynastic Sumer and Hissar IIIC. We are inclined to attribute the end of Hissar III to the end of the Copper or Bronze Age, that is the first half of the second millennium B.C., but an earlier age may be indicated" (Schmidt 1937: 363)

The numbering system used here cites the UPM inventory number followed in brackets by the original field number.

 

Location of PIXE Analysis

 

33-15-578 [H0468]
Pin, hemiconoidal head
Grave DF089 X1
As, 2.0%; Sn, <0.015%; Ni, 0.028%

33-15-732 [H0471]
Pin, hemiconoidal head
Grave DF08 X1
As, 0.20%; Sn, <0.013%; Ni, 0.14%

33-22-322 [H5186]
Pin, conoidal head
Grave DG13 X1
As, 0.64%; Sn, <0.023%; Ni, 0.015%

33-15-579 [H1110]
Pin, pyramidal head
Grave EG06 X29
As, 0.030%; Sn, <0.015%; Ni, 0.014%

33-22-323 [H2518]
Pin, wire loops as its head
Grave DG01 X32
As, 0.16%; Sn, <0.021%; Ni, 0.015%

33-22-129b [H3610]
Spiral pendant (two fragments)
Grave CH64 X2
As, 0.091%; Sn, <0.027%; Ni, 0.015%
Micrograph

33-15-455 [H0629]
Ornament (sheet metal)
Grave DF29 X1
As, 1.6%; Sn, <0.018%; Ni, 0.014%
Micrograph

33-15-585 [H0563]
Ornament (blade?)
Grave DG00 X6
As, 0.026%; Sn, <0.022%; Ni, 0.013%

33-15-728 [H0170]
Cosmetic stick with head
Grave DF19 X2
As, 2.3%; Sn, <0.015%; Ni, 0.035%

33-22-117 [H3083]
Cosmetic stick
CF96, refuse
As, 0.034%; Sn, <0.020%; Ni, 0.015%

33-22-182 [H4183]
Cosmetic stick
Grave CH87 X1
As, 0.067%; Sn, <0.038%; Ni, 0.013%

33-22-343a [H2687]
Cosmetic stick (head)
Grave CG12, etc.
As, 1.0%; Sn, <0.017%; Ni, 0.023%

33-22-343e [H2687]
Cosmetic stick (tip)
Grave CG12, etc.
As, 2.1%; Sn, <0.015%; Ni, 0.12%

89-00-008 [none]
Anklet fragments (top fragment)
Grave CH75 X12, #33
As, 0.30%; Sn, <0.022%; Ni, 0.016%
Micrograph

89-00-008 [none]
Anklet fragments (bottom fragment)
Grave CH75 X12, #33
As, 0.30%; Sn, <0.022%; Ni, 0.016%
Micrograph

33-15-590 [H0628]
Anklet
Grave DF29 X1
As, 0.61%; Sn, <0.024%; Ni, 0.15%

33-21-949 [H4135]
Anklet
Grave CF93 X4
As, 0.56%; Sn, <0.012%; Ni, 0.014%

33-15-694 [H0564]
Bracelet, double spiral
Grave DG00 X6
As, 0.51%; Sn, <0.012%; Ni, 0.030%
Micrograph

33-21-623 [H2123]
Bracelet, 7 coils
Grave DF60 X10
As, 3.0%; Sn, <0.025%; Ni, 0.014%

33-22-312 [H2498]
Bracelet, 3.5 coils
Grave CF57 X20
As, 0.18%; Sn, <0.023%; Ni, 0.015%

89-00-002 [none]
Bracelet, bent open
Grave DG11 X62, #28c
As, 1.5%; Sn, <0.013%; Ni, 0.036%

33-15-405 [H1173]
Bracelet, 4 coils
Grave CG25 X1
As, 2.4%; Sn, <0.022%; Ni, 0.024%

33-22-343d [H2687]
Small rings (pair of)
Grave CG12, etc.
As, 2.0%; Sn, <0.015%; Ni, 0.13%

89-00-004 [none]
Small, perforated disk fragment
Grave CH64 X2, #9
As, 3.5%; Sn, <0.023%; Ni, 0.060%

33-22-293a [H5044]
Coils, tapered (two)
Grave DF16 X12
As, 0.79%; Sn, <0.016%; Ni, 0.023%

33-21-910 [H2821]
Knife blade
Grave CF48 X5
As, 0.30%; Sn, 0.056%; Ni, 0.022%

33-22-111 [H2783]
Blade
Grave CG13 X1
As, 0.48%; Sn, <0.022%; Ni, 0.055%

89-00-003 [none]
Tang (end only)
Grave CF57 X22
As, 0.50%; Sn, <0.027%; Ni, 0.014%
Micrograph

33-15-568 [H0770]
Spearhead
Grave DF09 X1
As, 2.6%; Sn, <0.032%; Ni, 0.043%

33-15-570 [H0769]
Spearhead
Grave DF09 X1
As, 0.10%; Sn, <0.025%; Ni, 0.021%

33-21-906 [H4108]
Spearhead (shown at 90% of original size)
Grave CF48 X22
As, 1.8%; Sn, <0.024%; Ni, 0.026%

33-21-907 [H3854]
Spearhead
Grave CH75 X13
As, 0.70%; Sn, <0.013%; Ni, 0.015%
Micrograph

33-21-908 [H3856]
Spearhead
Grave CH75 X13
As, 3.5%; Sn, <0.015%; Ni, 0.013%

33-22-332 [H1856]
Arrowhead or spatula
CF37, northeast corner
As, 0.25%; Sn, <0.015%; Ni, 0.026%

33-22-113 [H3227]
Shafthole double axe
DH06, treasury hill
As, 3.4%; Sn, <0.017%; Ni, 0.014%

33-22-114 [H2793]
Model matlock
Grave CF47 X2
As, 1.2%; Sn, <0.015%; Ni, 0.015%

33-21-915 [H5265]
Needle
Grave CH97 X12
As, 0.12%; Sn, <0.012%; Ni, 0.014%

33-21-911 [H3562]
Chisel
Grave CH96 X24
As, 0.031%; Sn, <0.021%; Ni, 0.015%
Micrographs

33-21-919 [H4313]
Tube
Grave CG10 X7
As, 2.1%; Sn, <0.020%; Ni, 0.014%

33-22-328 [H1998]
Awl fragment
CF38, level 1-2
As, 1.1%; Sn, <0.014%; Ni, 0.16%

33-22-335 [H2288]
Gouge (tip only)
DG20, northeast center
As, 2.4%; Sn, <0.016%; Ni, 0.014%

33-22-343b [H2687]
Tightly packed, small coils
Grave CG12, etc.
As, 0.46%; Sn, <0.014%; Ni, 0.081%

89-00-009 [none]
Chisel fragment
GCF89
As, 0.030%; Sn, <0.022%; Ni, 0.015%

33-15-576 [H1163]
Nail, flat-topped head
Grave CG25 X1
As, 1.8%; Sn, 0.090%; Ni, 0.027%

33-22-343c [H2687]
Small amorphous mass
Grave CG12, etc.
As, 2.24%; Sn, 0.256%; Ni, 0.040%