Early Dynastic III

30-12-265
Shafthole axe

EDIII, circa 2700-2330 B.C.

The numbering system used here cites the UPM inventory number followed in brackets by the original field number.

Location of PIXE Analysis

 

B17383 [U8503]
Pin
Grave PG 0237
As, 1.8%; Sn, 2.0%; Ni, 1.3%

Inv. B --- [not given]
Toggle pin
Grave PG 1420
As, 2.9%; Sn, 0.37%; Ni, 3.4%

B17389 [U08649]
Toggle pin
Grave PG 0049
As, 1.6%; Sn, 0.13%; Ni, 0.55%

B17501 [U09915]
Pin (roll-headed)
Grave PG 0723
As, 1.6%; Sn, 2.1%; Ni, 0.87%

Inv. 31-17-266 [U14061]
Flat toggle pin
Grave PG 1625
As, 2.4%; Sn, <0.018%; Ni, 2.1%

B17474 [U8318]
Chisel
Grave PG 0163
As, 1.7%; Sn, 0.15%; Ni, 0.88%
Micrograph

B17478 [U8560]
Chisel
Grave PG 0317
As, 2.4%; Sn, <0.009%; Ni, 0.67%

B17426 [U8546]
Chisel
Grave PG not known
As, 1.6%; Sn, 9.7%; Ni, 0.41%
Micrographs

B17476 [U9134]
Chisel
Grave PG 0537
As, 0.70%; Sn, 16.8%; Ni, 0.27%

31-17-244 [U14242]
Chisel
Grave PG 1687
As, 2.4%; Sn, <0.011%; Ni, 0.24%

B17363 [U9860]
Chisel (two pieces)
(Shown at 80% of original size)
Grave PG 0734
As, 0.53%; Sn, 12.0%; Ni, 0.11%

31-17-243 [U14244]
Flat adze
Grave PG 1687
As, 0.40%; Sn; 13.2%; Ni; 0.50%

31-17-203 [U14201]
Shafthole adze
Grave PG 1658
As, 3.1%; Sn; 0.44%; Ni. 2.1%

30-12-311 [U12153]
Shafthole adze
Grave PG 1253
As, 1.6%; Sn; 6.4%; Ni, 0.23%

Inv. 30-17-201 [U14304]
Shafthole adze
Grave PG 1739
As, 2.9%; Sn, <0.024%; Ni, 3.0%
Micrograph

30-12-310 [U12225]
Shafthole adze
Grave PG 1300
As, 3.0%; Sn, 2.7%; Ni, 2.2%

30-12-264 [U11486]
Shafthole adze
Grave PG 1038
As, 1.2%; Sn, 8.5%; Ni, 0.55%

31-17-200 [U14225]
Shafthole adze
Grave PG 1671
As, 0.88%; Sn, 5.8%; Ni, 0.15%

31-17-187 [U14212]
Shafthole axe
Grave PG 1665
As, 2.0%; Sn; 9.5%; Ni, 1.4%

30-12-265 [U12207]
Shafthole axe
Grave PG 1292
As, 1.2%; Sn, 11.1%; Ni, 0.41%

30-12-267 [U12119]
Shafthole axe
Grave PG 1254
As, 1.2%; Sn; 9.9%; Ni, 0.15%

31-17-197 [U14320]
Shafthole axe
Grave PG 1751
As, 0.75%; Sn, 10.3%; Ni, 0.32%

31-17-193 [U14301]
Shafthole axe
Grave PG 1738
As, 1.9%; Sn, 0.12%; Ni, 0.85%
Micrographs

31-17-18 [U14098]
Shafthole axe
Grave PG 1654
As, 3.1%; Sn, 0.042%; Ni, 1.9%

Inv. 31-17-184 [U13573]
Shafthole axe
Grave PG 1586
As, 2.9%; Sn, 0.037%; Ni, 1.0%

30-12-271 [U12644]
Shafthole axe
Grave PG 1374
As, 3.9%; Sn, 0.15%; Ni, 2.2%

B17416 [U08022]
Shafthole axe
Grave PG 0071
As, 0.19%; Sn, 11.4%; Ni, 0.15%

B17414 [U08314]
Shafthole axe
Grave PG 0141
As, 0.15%; Sn; 16.6%; Ni, 0.59%

B17479 [U09353]
Shafthole axe
Grave PG 0580
As, 0.72%; Sn, 7.3%; Ni; 1.3%

31-17-186 [U14238]
Shafthole axe
Grave PG 1687
As, 0.33%; Sn, 18.9%; Ni, 1.2%

B17371 [U08501]
Dagger/knife
Grave PG 0237
As, 2.6%; Sn; 7.5%; Ni, 1.5%

B17327 [U08651]
Dagger/knife
Grave PG 0049
As, 2.1%; Sn; 9.6%; Ni; 1.1%
Micrograph

31-17-208 [U14065]
Dagger/knife
Grave PG 1628
As, 1.6%; Sn, 4.2%; Ni, 0.54%

B17351 [U10777]
Dagger/knife
Grave PG 0849
As, 2.1%; Sn; 1.4%; Ni, 1.9%

B17508 [U09933]
Dagger, with three rivets
Grave PG 0737
As, 0.40%; Sn, 0.012%; Ni, 10.7%
Micrograph

B17480 [U09141]
Spear point (one of four fused together)
Grave PG 0537
As, 0.35%; Sn, 10.2%; Ni, 0.42%

31-17-217 [U14252]
Blade, with a rolled end
Grave PG 1698
As, 2.2%; Sn, 5.2%; Ni, 0.78%

31-17-228 [U13798]
Spear point
(Shown at 80% of original size)
Grave PG 1618
As, 2.5%; Sn, <0.012%; Ni, <0.010%

31-17-222 [U14295]
Spearhead
Grave PG 1733
As, 3.0%; Sn; 0.16%; Ni, 4.8%

B17520 [none]
Spear point
Grave PG 0580
As, 0.33%; Sn, 11.3%; Ni, 0.16%
Micrograph

B17333b [U09963]
Spear butt
Grave PG 0777
As, 1.5%; Sn, <0.019%; Ni, 0.16%

B17333a [U09963]
Spear butt
Grave PG 0777
As, 1.4%; Sn, 0.27%; Ni, 0.93%

B17335 [none]
Spear butt
(Shown at 80% of original size)
Grave PG not known
As, 0.55%, Sn, 6.5%; Ni, 0.31%

31-17-220 [U14022]
Spatula
Grave PG 1589
As, 3.2%; Sn, 0.041%; Ni, 2.8%
Micrograph

30-12-272 [U12740]
Spatula
Private grave (PG) at -5 meters
As, 0.73%; Sn, 11.6%; Ni, 0.050%
Micrograph

B17338 [U11142]
Handle
(Shown at 60% of original size)
Grave PG 0839
As, 2.0%; Sn, 0.055%; Ni, 0.24%

30-12-299 [U12212]
Nail, with a rolled head
Grave PG 1293
As, 1.1%; Sn, <0.008%; Ni, 0.24%

B17501e [U09915]
Nail, with a rolled head (one of five)
Grave PG 0723
As, 1.3%; Sn, <0.011%; Ni, 0.18%

B17520 [none]
Unidentified piece
Grave PG 0580
As, 0.42%; Sn, 3.6%; Ni, 0.18%

B17356 [U9904]
Stud, with a nail
Grave PG 0580
As, 1.5%; Sn, 0.070%; Ni, 0.81%

B17528 [U9336]
Barbed point
Grave PG 0580
As, 1.3%; Sn, 0.045%; Ni, 0.99%
Micrograph