- Glass Making in Roman Times
- Roman Wine: A Window on an Ancient Economy
- Roman Wine: Windows on a Lifestyle
- Fine Glassware in the Roman World
- Reuse of Images in the Art of Rogier van der Weyden
Ht., 25.7 cm
6th century A.D.
Inv. MS 5023
Saffron (Crocus sativus)
From Dioscorides' De Materia Medica, fol. 192v
"All this wasted pain on arranging your hair-what contribution can this make to your salvation?....One minute you're building it up, the next letting it down; raising it one minute, stretching it the next...." (Tertullian, On the Worship of Women II.7)
Despite all kinds of criticism of its extravagance and morality, the passion for fine cosmetics remained one of the constants of daily life throughout the Roman World. The production of glass bottles, flasks, and juglets that would be used to store or prepare cosmetic ingredients therefore was always a stable part of the glassworking industry.
Though several of the most sought after ingredients for Roman cosmetics and originated in the eastern provinces, they were still expensive. Early in the 4th century A.D., a pound of saffron—the product of some 4000 flowers of the saffron crocus—cost about 2000 denarii. For that amount you could employ a carpenter or a shepherd for about two months, or buy 180 pounds of beef in the marketplace.